### What is a Hamiltonian cycle, and why is it important in solving the Travelling Salesman Problem?

A Hamiltonian cycle is a complete loop that visits every vertex in a graph exactly once before returning to the starting vertex. It's crucial for the TSP because the problem essentially seeks to find the shortest Hamiltonian cycle that minimizes travel distance or time.

### What role does linear programming play in solving the Travelling Salesman Problem?

Linear programming (LP) is a mathematical method used to optimize a linear objective function, subject to linear equality and inequality constraints. In the context of TSP, LP can help in formulating and solving relaxation of the problem to find bounds or approximate solutions, often by ignoring the integer constraints (integer programming being a subset of LP) to simplify the problem.

### What is recursion, and how does it apply to the Travelling Salesman Problem?

Recursion involves a function calling itself to solve smaller sub-problems of the same type as the larger problem. In TSP, recursion is used in methods like the "Divide and Conquer" strategy, breaking down the problem into smaller, manageable subsets, which can be particularly useful in dynamic programming solutions. It reduces redundancy and computation time, making the problem more manageable.

### Why is understanding time complexity important when studying the Travelling Salesman Problem?

Time complexity refers to the computational complexity that describes the amount of computer time it takes to solve a problem. For TSP, understanding time complexity is crucial because it helps predict the performance of different algorithms, especially given that TSP is NP-hard and solutions can become impractically slow as the number of cities increases.

Why is understanding time complexity important when studying the Travelling Salesman Problem?

Time complexity refers to the computational complexity that describes the amount of computer time it takes to solve a problem. For TSP, understanding time complexity is crucial because it helps predict the performance of different algorithms, especially given that TSP is NP-hard and solutions can become impractically slow as the number of cities increases.